Although at the top of the international research in its field right now (due to a number of funding opportunities which contributed to the set up of a modern infrastructure and a good team of scientists), RADO has several weaknesses which, in the following years, may affect negatively its development:

  1. Insufficient human resources to operate at its full capacity (i.e. delays in data delivery due to data processing  procedures, inability to participate to all field campaigns and networking activities, etc.)
  2. Gaps in observational data due to the technological limitations of the instruments (which are not all-weather or continuous operation), lack of spare parts (e.g. flash lamps for the lidars, back-up for the sunphotometer head during the calibration period, pumps for the C-ToF AMS, etc.) due to limited funds and insufficient human resources (e.g. to operate non-automatic instruments)
  3. Insufficient funds to maintain regular contacts with partners (including from within the national consortium) and be represented at relevant meetings (e.g. ACTRIS workshops, ISO and ICLAS expert meetings, EARLINET coordination meetings)
  4. Weak participation to space-related programs, low degree of exposure to standardization, especially space standardization rules

IGACOS recommendations for GEOSS only consider long-duration integrated observations, focusing on operational systems providing continuity and reliability. To preserve its status as an atmospheric remote sensing supersite, RADO has therefore to ensure a long-duration, continuous operation. Moreover, it has to continuously improve its measurement techniques and data handling procedures, to implement quality assurance programs, and to keep contact with its national and international partners and stakeholders. As consequence, RADO has to strength also its capacity to attract funds. CARESSE project intends to make a step forward: starting from RADO, which basically is a provider of data, towards a sustainable and autonomous research centre, mobilizing its own but also network-wide capacities (human resources, infrastructure, logistics, access to data) in a unique platform.


  1. Top quality, multidisciplinary  expertise in: physics, optical and electronic engineering, mathematics, programming, biology, chemistry
  2. State-of-the-art research infrastructure (see Annex), unique in SE Europe
  3. Outstanding national and international networking (see State of the art section)
  4. Young and in the same time experienced team, well motivated and competitive (see State of the art section)
  5. Highly trained personnel, good scientific records
  6. Good representation in international committees (EARLINET, ACTRIS), expert and coordination groups (ICLAS, EG-CLIMET, TOPROF), standardization groups (ISO)
  7. Access to international high-quality infrastructure,  international and national  data bases (EARLINET- ACTRIS,  AERONET, ROLINET, RADO)
  8. Implemented quality assurance programs, as data provider for international ground-based networks
  9. ISO: 9001/2008 certification
  10. Existing cooperation with the private sector (manufacturers of research instruments, service providers, software companies, end-users of remote sensing data) and national administration
  11. Extended expertise in project management
  12. Dedicated marketing & publicity office
  13. Strong links with academia
  14. A leading position as the most advanced atmospheric remote sensing in Romania and SE Europe


  1. Insufficient funding to maintain and develop the existing infrastructure and human resources
  2. Lack of multiannual financial  planning which leads to incoherencies in strategic development
  3. Insufficient human resources to handle non-automatic instruments, leading to limited participation in international campaigns
  4. Insufficient automation of data collection and data processing, leading to gaps in observational parameters
  5. Limited direct contact with partners due to the underfunding of travel for meetings
  6. Limited access to novel scientific findings due to the underfunding of travel for conferences and restricted access to documentation
  7. Low degree of technological transfer to industry, due to the specifics of the research (generating highly specialized products and knowledge, which are not immediately marketable)
  8. Low degree of co-financing from industry, due to the specifics of the research (with impact on general social needs, not specific to a certain economical sector)
  9. Weak participation to space-related programs, due to the relatively new domain in Romania
  10. Low degree of exposure to standardization, especially space standardization


  1. Increasing social interest towards the environmental and climate change issues, which leads to increase of funding for EO activities
  2. Participation to ACTRIS, ITaRS, TOPROF, which may foster new partnerships and funding opportunities
  3. Increasing Romanian contributions to ESA programs, which gives opportunities to approach new research directions and participate in ESA tenders
  4. Increasing access to the global market through ICT;
  5. Reorientation of research priorities according to the national strategy;
  6. Acceleration of inter- or multidisciplinary research;
  7. Transfer of knowledge and know-how from experienced European research organisations;
  8. Brain circulation, which may foster the employment of highly qualified researchers from abroad (e.g. Romanians from abroad, young scientists from neighbouring countries, etc.)
  9. Romanian membership to the EU and single market, even in research (ERA).
  10. The imminent launch of the HORIZON 2020, with a strong applicative and innovative component


  1. At national level, GERD is in constantly decreased (since 2008);   
  2. Brain drain towards more Western EU, USA and Canada which leads on short and long term on human capital loss 
  3. Strong national and international competition, especially between different research domains
  4. Decreased interest from large corporations to grow by R&D as short term financial priorities are more important than long term ones
  5. Limited number of calls for proposal to access funding
  6. Lack of a program on institutional funding that should cover basic needs of research units
  7. Warn out of the technology embedded in the existing research instruments
  8. Lack of continuity in the general strategy for research in Romania