NATALI - Neural network Aerosol Typing Algorithm based on LIdar data

ESA AO/1-7557/13/NL/SC 

The general goal of this project is to intensify the participation of the Romanian scientific community to the "ESA contributing missions" through the development of new tools for aerosol typing based on optical (active) remote sensing data. These products are relevant for several satellite missions, as detailed in Section 6, and have multiple applications for Earth Observation Envelope Programme (EOEP-4). Moreover, they will foster a wider use of the satellite services in fields like air quality, climate change, atmospheric research, and aviation safety.


AEROS - Aerosols in Romania and Switzerland

SNSF -project no. IZERZO_142146 /1

AEROS is an bilateral research project funded by Romanian-Swiss Research Programme RSRP 2011 – 2016 aiming to develop a solid background of information that can be used to address air quality and climate issues in both Romania and Switzerland.


ITARS - Initial Training for Atmospheric Remote Sensing Network

FP7 - PEOPLE - ITN, Project number 289923

ITARS is a research FP7 project whose goal is to bring together a group of universities, research organizations and high-tech companies from different disciplines (meteorology, geosciences, physics, electrical engineering, mathematics) with the aim to foster training and further development in the area of remote sensing of the atmosphere.

Objectives:

  • to impart an in-depth understanding of instrumentation and algorithms needed to retrieve geophysical quantities and atmospheric applications;
  • to foster the synergy of different sensors by bringing together experts from the individual techniques;
  • to develop and implement pan-European courses on atmospheric remote sensing by exploiting new web-based techniques;
  • to close the gap between the specialized development of single instruments and atmospheric applications by training a new generation of scientists in academia and the private sector.

 


AQUA-GRO - Air quality assessment and study of transport processes along the axis Athens-Aegean Sea (Greece) and Bucharest (Romania) using Lidar techniques

GR-RO Intergovernmental Programme

The main objective of this proposal is the creation of a statistical database of the spatio-temporal evolution of the vertical distribution of aerosols over Romania (region of Bucharest) and Greece (Athens/Evia island/Aegean Sea) using ground-based remote sensing techniques (lidar). Meteorological data will be also used to quantify the long-range transport and deposition mechanisms involved and to identify the major aerosol sources affecting air quality over Romania (region of Bucharest) and Athens, Evia island (Aegean Sea)(Greece).

 


ACTRIS - Aerosols, Clouds and Trace gases Research Infrastructure Network

FP7 - INFRASTRUCTURES - 2010 - 1, Project no. 262254

ACTRIS is a research FP7 project which is intending to develop a pan European network of stations equipped with advanced remote sensing instruments for atmospheric monitoring. This project unites the existing networks as EARLINET, EUSAAR, CLOUDNET and AERONET for a complex infrastructure capable of providing long term relevant data for air quality and climatology from synergetic measurements and following standardized procedures. ACTRIS offers trans-national access to supersites, one of these being INOE-RADO.

Objectives:

  • to provide long-term observational data and to substantially increase the number of high-quality data relevant to climate and air quality research on the regional scale produced with standardized or comparable procedures throughout the network.
  • to provide a coordinated framework to support transnational access to European advanced infrastructures for atmospheric research strengthening high-quality collaboration in and outside the EU and access to high-quality information and services for the user communities (research, Environmental protection agencies, etc.).
  • to develop new integration tools to fully exploit the use of multiple atmospheric techniques at ground-based stations, in particular for the calibration/validation/integration of satellite sensors and for the improvement of the parameterizations used in global and regional scale climate and air quality models. ACTRIS aims at providing time series of climate and air quality related variables not directly measured which are presently not available through existing data centers.
  • to enhance training of new scientists and new users in particular students, young scientists, and scientists from eastern European and non-EU developing countries in the field of atmospheric observation.
  • to promote the development of new technologies for atmospheric observation of aerosols, clouds and trace gases through close partnership with EU companies. ACTRIS aims at contributing to more than 4 new operating standards for atmospheric monitoring by the end of the project.

 


RADO  - Romanian Atmospheric research 3D Observatory

Norwegian Cooperation Programme with Romania, Project no. STVES 115266

RADO is a project which combined infrastructure development, scientific research and training of the young researchers and also created solid premises for development of a new research field in Romania: active remote sensing. The main result of the project is a modern atmospheric observatory, with nationwide spread stations connected to specific international networks (EARLINET, AERONET, MWRNET). All observatory fields are open to the society in one way or the other: transnational access to infrastructure for researchers, training and access to the laboratories for master and doctoral students, special designed science programs for young children and high school students. Since 28 September 2011 the Observatory became operationally.

This project's main objective was to improve relations between science and society, through development of a new infrastructure, RADO-Romanian Atmospheric 3D research Observatory, to observe both Planetary Boundary Layer and free troposphere, capable of combining research education and practical training and to become an consultative organism for decision making assistance in the environmental field.

This infrastructure, unique in the SE Europe, will become in the next years an active center for implementation of new projects and ideas in atmospheric phenomena and its interaction with the surface of the Earth. On long and medium term, RADO focuses on helping to improve the following major problems in Romania:

  • lack of quality assured data of aerosol and greenhouse gases characteristics of Romanian atmosphere, nation-wide;
  • very low potential in atmospheric research (inadequate facilities, inhomogeneous distribution of human resources at national level);
  • low competitiveness in atmospheric research related to the European level;
  • insufficient information related to international requirements and protocols (Kyoto, IPCC, etc);
  • inadequate 3D monitoring at national level of the atmospheric processes, including vertical distribution of pollutants;
  • lack of synergistic studies of atmospheric processes;
  • low trust level related to nuclear risk assessment.

 


DELICAT - Demonstration of Lidar Based Clear Air Turbulence detection

FP7 - AAT - 2008 - RTD - 1, Project no. 233801

DELICAT is a FP7 research project with multinational consortium for development of a compact lidar system to be installed on commercial airplanes to remotely detect clean air turbulences. Using this instrument the pilots will be able to prevent air turbulences, therefore improving both the comfort and the security of the passengers.

The objective of DELICAT is to test and validate an efficient Clear Air Turbulence detection mean, based on a LIDAR system, providing an operational protection for the passengers and crewmembers. This detection will be efficient in case of Mountain Wave turbulence as well as in case of shear-induced turbulence, where no rain or hail is present and then where the weather radar is useless. In that sense, the LIDAR based turbulence sensor is complementary of the airborne weather radar.

 


DELICE -  Developing the Emerging research potential of Romanian Lidar Centre

FP7 - REGPOT - 2008 - 1, Project no. 229907

DELICE  was a FP7 project for development of the supersite INOE through acquisition of an aerosol mass spectrometer - unique in Romania (for aerosol chemical composition and size distribution), a microwave radiometer (to measure the vertical profiles of temperature and humidity) and a sodar (for vertical profiles of wind directions and speed). All come along with dedicated training sessions, collaborations with Diaspora and international partners. DELICE has created a team capable of training others, the teams of the new active remote sensing stations in Romania and bring in our country the needed know-how for development of a national lidar network.

The main objective of this project was to increase the research capacities of the National Institute of R&D for Optoelectronics (INOE) by developing the remote sensing activities to stimulate its full research potential contributing to the realization of European Research Area as a ”common market for research”.

Objectives:

  • Unlocking the ROmanian LIdar CEntre (ROLICE) potential;
  • Increasing quantitatively and qualitatively the regional capacity Extending strategic partnerships;
  • Extending strategic partnerships.